International Single and Multi-Species Action Plans (ISSAPs/IMSAPs) are the key AEWA tool to stimulate, guide and coordinate actions for the effective conservation of migratory waterbird populations across their entire range.


A number of ISSAPs have been developed under the African Initiative, including for the Slaty Egret (Egretta vinaceigula), the Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex) and the Grey Crowned-crane (Balearica regulorum). Conservation of another nine species is addressed in the AEWA IMSAP for the Conservation of Benguela Current Upwelling System Coastal Seabirds. These include the African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus), Bank Cormorant (Phalacrocorax neglectus), Cape Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capensis), Cape Gannet (Morus capensis), African Oystercatcher (Haematopus moquini), Crowned Cormorant (Microcarbo coronatus), Damara Tern (Sternula balaenarum), Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) and Greater Crested Tern (Thalasseus bergii ssp. bergii).


Please click here to access the AEWA International Species Action Plans.