Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) © Sergey Dereliev, www.dereliev-photography.com


AEWA covers 254 species of birds ecologically dependent on wetlands for at least part of their annual cycle, including many species of divers, grebes, pelicans, cormorants, herons, storks, rails, ibises, spoonbills, flamingos, ducks, swans, geese, cranes, waders, gulls, terns, tropic birds, auks, frigate birds and even the south African penguin.

All AEWA species cross international boundaries during their migrations and require good quality habitat for breeding as well as a network of suitable sites to support their annual journeys. International cooperation across their entire migratory range, as provided by AEWA, is therefore essential for the conservation and management of migratory waterbird populations and the habitats on which they depend.


Scientific name Common name Class Order Family CMS Instruments
Spheniscus demersus African Penguin Aves Sphenisciformes Spheniscidae ,
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon Aves Gaviiformes Gaviidae ,
Gavia immer Common Loon Aves Gaviiformes Gaviidae ,
Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon Aves Gaviiformes Gaviidae ,
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican Aves Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae ,
Pelecanus rufescens Pink-backed Pelican Aves Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican Aves Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae ,
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet Aves Pelecaniformes Sulidae
Morus capensis Cape Gannet Aves Pelecaniformes Sulidae
Sula dactylatra Masked Booby Aves Pelecaniformes Sulidae
Microcarbo coronatus Crowned Cormorant Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae
Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae ,
Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax nigrogularis Socotra Cormorant Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae ,
Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae
Fregata minor Great Frigatebird Aves Pelecaniformes Fregatidae
Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird Aves Pelecaniformes Fregatidae
Egretta ardesiaca Black Heron Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae
Egretta vinaceigula Slaty Egret Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae ,
Ardea melanocephala Black-headed Heron Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae
Ardeola idae Madagascar Pond-heron Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae ,
Ardeola rufiventris Rufous-bellied Heron Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae ,
Ixobrychus sturmii Dwarf Bittern Aves Ciconiiformes Ardeidae ,
Mycteria ibis Yellow-billed Stork Aves Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae ,
Ciconia nigra Black Stork Aves Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae ,